Birds & Birding

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) Juv, Héron pourpré

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) juvenile, Brenne

If you have a home in France and you're looking for potential birding sites, the best investment you could make is to buy IGN mapping of your local area, the blue series Carte de randonnee, scale 1:25000 (1cm = 250m), generally covering 200-250 square kilometres per sheet. Secondly, visit your Mairie and ask for information on public footpaths (sentiers) in the locality. There is an extensive network of well-signposted public rights of way throughout the country, most are well maintained if somewhat under-used. Departments/regions produce maps, one per sentier, usually a long loop or connected loops, and they are free. Tourist offices also stock them. Route signs, normally painted brown, carry the name of the sentier.

I have found most local sites this way, also doing surveys for the LPO opened up new areas I may not have discovered otherwise. Most private land is fenced off securely, partly a legacy of the hunting regime, and it’s best to obtain permission to access land off the sentier, e.g. promising areas of open water. Generally farmers are far more open to these requests than in UK, although some may refuse permission if they are active hunters or have frequent hunting on their land and don't want people getting shot!

Basically the birding situation is the reverse of the UK one - there is lots of good habitat here but very few nature reserves.

A Birdwatching circuit in the Southern Vienne - A drive/walk in the communes of Saulge/Moulismes.

BIRD NEWS/INFORMATION

WHERE TO WATCH BIRDS IN THE VIENNE - Where's hot and where's not - LPO Vienne website based on Google Earth. This website is part of the VisioNature network developed by the LPO and other organisations to record and publish observations in real-time. Once you have created your account, the same access info can be used to access all similar VisioNature websites throughout France and Spain. This is an excellent tool for sending your info to those who need it, and for disseminating information generally to other birders. There are one or two pitfalls, see SUBMISSION OF RECORDS below, but overall it works very well *.

WHERE TO WATCH BIRDS IN THE BRENNE - SIRFF is the France Nature Environnment version of the above covering the Brenne. It is nothing like as user-friendly as VisioNature, and really requires an element of local/regional geographical knowledge. The main problem, though, is that although as an observer you record obs to an exact position on the map, this info is stripped out by admin and appears on the website at commune level only...!! Rendering the info useless to all except those with access. This is, allegedly, 'to avoid disturbance at sites...' No comment! However, see SUBMISSION OF RECORDS below *.

Obscentre - Yahoo! group covering the région Centre, including the Brenne. Mainly used for info on rarities, but not exclusively.

Of the Brenne related websites mentioned below, go to Maison de la Nature > téléchargement > '2015 Brenne nature' to download a document covering most of the key sites in the Brenne. This is a publication available at the two visitor centres mentioned below. NB; BEWARE! The visitor centre opening dates/times as stated on the website aren't always strictly adhered to!!

SUBMISSION OF RECORDS

Recording to the LPO Vienne live database can definitely add another dimension to one’s birding experience, but there are a few points worth remembering;
  • This is a live system based on Google Earth. If you don’t want others following in your footsteps, because you are on private land for example, beware… I've had several problems locally with birders from Poitiers trespassing, flushing birds, and generally having no regard for the sensitivity of some local sites. This can cause obvious problems for local birders
  • Think carefully before advertising nesting sites of scarce or vulnerable breeding birds; there is a 'protection system' provided on the website, but other observers may not share your opinion. An example here locally were 'birders' that entered an active sandpit at weekends to photograph nesting Bee-eaters very close to the entrance holes; they were probably on eggs at the time. The information was available to all on the LPO Vienne website - this has now been changed and info relating to breeding Bee-eaters, amongst other species, is now suppressed
  • Because this is a live system, accuracy with identification helps to keep the database credible... if in doubt, ask. Contact the LPO or I will help if possible
*Disturbance of birds by 'photographers' at nest sites, also of migratory birds, is a growing problem throughout France. In my view this shouldn't deter observers from sending their observations to the LPO via live recording (Visionature websites) - bearing in mind the points made above...
I understand the position taken by Indre Nature in using the SIRFF system, but punishing the majority for the irresponsible behaviour of the minority seems unjust. Things are definitely deteriorating though. I recently had to suppress my observations from a hide in the Haute-Vienne because some 'photographers' were taking positions along the side of the etang instead of using the hide...!!

LPO Vienne

Rare birds in France

The CHN is the official adjudicator of rare bird records in France. The website gives all the species & taxa that are currently assessed by the CHN

BIRDING AND THE HUNTING REGIME - LA CHASSE

Broadly speaking, the hunting season runs from mid-August until the end of March. Hunters also use the sentiers and public woodland, so nowhere should be regarded as ’safe’ from hunting. People die every year in shooting accidents; whilst these are often other hunters, walkers and birders are obviously vulnerable. Weekends, particularly Sundays, and public holidays are the most active hunting days.

Whilst finding 'La chasse en cours' frustrating when arriving at one’s chosen destination, it is worth remembering that without the hunting regime probably much good habitat here would be lost. So always having a ‘Plan B’ (and even 'C'...) is good practice. Hunting often takes place on public woodland sites, forêts domaniales, and those owned by local authorities. Walking dogs off the lead is definitely not recommended close to hunting activity, the hunting dog pack is a great danger to other dogs. Most of these dogs have never seen the inside of a house and are kept hungry. Where hunting occurs next to a public road or land open to the public there is an obligation to post warning signs and marshals. However, this obligation is frequently ignored in my experience. 'Cowboy' hunting like this does nothing to dispel the notion that the hunting fraternity are, in reality, a law unto themselves.

Whatever ones views on hunting, pragmatism pays, and an understanding of how the hunting regime and habitat management often go hand in hand in France.

Inland, by far the most sought after species are wild boar, roe deer and red deer. Of the smaller quarry species rabbit, hare, pheasant and both partridge species are the most commonly hunted, also wildfowl. Of the migratory/semi-migratory species, woodcock, wood pigeon and quail probably top the list. This list is long (see protected status, main list on this page) although the geographical position of the Vienne/Brenne means in reality the list is fairly short.

Circus aeruginosus M-Imm
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla), Torcol fourmilier









My personal experience is that farmers, who often form the core of the hunting community, are usually quite friendly, telling you when and where there is hunting going on so that one can avoid that area. They will also sometimes advise on access across their land.

There is of course another aspect to hunting; that of culling. Taking the wild boar - the sanglier, as an example, the estimated French population in 2013 was in excess of two million, with a population explosion in recent years as a result of human activity - global warming and radical changes in agricultural land use. The wolf is historically the principle natural predator - a species virtually non-existent in France despite a mini revival in the French alps and Massif Central. Needless to say this will never be a viable future solution here. So it follows that assuming numbers need to be controlled, hunting is probably the only solution. Sangliers certainly love maize, as well as root vegetables and vines, amongst much else on this adaptable omnivore's varied menu. In an attempt to stop the boars roaming into fields and vineyards, hunters have been encouraged to create feeding zones in woods and forests - often maize. This has actually exacerbated the problem by artificially concentrating large populations, thereby creating perfect breeding grounds and leading to even larger packs of well-nourished animals. These zones have also apparently been responsible for accelerating the time it takes to reach adulthood (i.e. they can now breed at a younger age).
Interestingly, the hunters have recently been forced to reimburse farmers for crop damage, a bill that has much increased in recent years to a massive 50 million Euros (in 2011). Despite this, they don’t seem to be able to keep the population increase in check. And as a sign of innate intelligence, according to hunters sangliers have recently developed a new tactic when devouring maize. When they enter the fields, they leave the outer parts of the crop intact, effectively hiding their presence deeper in the field, completely out of sight !

Roe and Red Deer cause damage to trees, woodland flora and other wildlife habitats. Damage to farm crops, traffic accidents and poor health for the deer themselves if left to overpopulate (i.e. if their numbers are greater than the habitat can support) indicate a need to control numbers. In the UK humane culling is used. Apparently to prevent a deer population from increasing, around 20–25% of the adults would need to be shot each year. Whether or not this is feasible in a country the size of France with the size of deer populations involved I've no idea. However, the question is largely irrelevant, as hunting is the way in France.

So if one can look beyond the 4x4's, hip flasks, firearms, dangerous dogs and macho, 'we can go anywhere' mentality, there almost certainly is a need for controlling the numbers of wild boar and deer - and hunting provides probably the most practical solution.

Although some of the above also applies to hunting on the coast, there's a decidedly different approach there that most of us find totally unacceptable – not only the quarry species, but also the methods used. Live decoy ducks tethered by thin steel hawsers are a common sight, as are wooden decoys. The hunting can be on an enormous scale, totally exposing the myth that hunting is on the wane in France. As a result, many waders seen have missing or damaged legs or feet.

Generally the hunting of migratory species including those in global decline is a bitter pill one just has to swallow; by joining the LPO you have a voice…

LPO (Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux)

In my experience of living here, hunting is so ingrained in French culture it will always enjoy the support of the vast majority of French people, even though most don't hunt. Rights of the 'common man' to hunt almost anywhere, enshrined in the August Decrees of the French Revolution, mean that hunting is more aligned to the US 'right to bear arms' than anything else.


Savi's Warbler (Locustella luscinioides)
Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
Middle-spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius) M, Pic mar
Black-necked Grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) Ad-S











PHOTOGRAPHY

Photography here is fairly difficult, there are very few hides or nature reserves away from the Brenne. Birds tend to be difficult to approach and easily flushed - another legacy of La Chasse. A new reserve, St-cyr, near Poitiers (Vienne) has 3+ hides. I take many photos in the garden, although most are taken 'on the run', i.e. opportunistic shots whilst out birding. Of course, hides in the Brenne at Cherine NR, as with other reserves in France, provide good photographic opportunities

BIRDS GALLERY

FLICKR PHOTOSTREAM

THE BRENNE

Covering some 10,000 hectares and with over 1200 etangs, man-made lakes, the Brenne has reedbeds, meadows, rough pasture, cereal production and woodland, also two river valleys and some calcareous zones. Over 280 species have been recorded; Common Cranes winter here, Whiskered Terns (c1000 pairs) and Black-necked Grebes (150+ pairs) nest, as do Purple Heron, Cattle Egret, Night Heron, Black-winged Stilt, a few pairs of Short-toed Eagle, and 30+ pairs of Bee-eater.
There are two good visitor centres, one at Cherine Nature Reserve (Maison de la Nature), and one at Le Bouchet (Maison du Parc), with a total of 12+ hides throughout the park, 6 of which are on Cherine reserve
As with the Vienne, the biggest problem with the Brenne is that most etangs are privately owned and the surrounding land difficult to access. However, apart from the reserve and other parts open to the public, there is an extensive network of well sign-posted sentiers that really open up the Park and provide some of the best birding – details from either visitor centre, also here:

Brenne Regional Park website

Maison de la Nature

Indre Nature

RARITIES, SCARCE BIRDS

There are scarcities/rarities I've personally recorded in the Vienne but not in the Brenne, and vice-versa...

Southern Vienne only birds (MOULISMES area);

BEAN GOOSE (Anser fabalis) - Oie des moissons - Rare (winter)
SPOTTED CRAKE (Porzana porzana) - Marouette ponctuee - Rare migrant
EURASIAN DOTTEREL (Eudromias morinellus) - Pluvier guignard - Rare migrant
TEMMINCK'S STINT (Calidris temminckii) - Becasseau de Temminck - Rare migrant
LITTLE TERN (Sterna albifrons) - Sterne naine - Rare migrant
WHITE-WINGED TERN (Chlidonias leucopterus) - Guifette leucoptère - Rare migrant
EURASIAN WRYNECK (Juynx torquilla) - Torcol fourmilier- Scarce migrant/breeder
CRESTED LARK (Galerida cristata) - Cochevis huppé - Rare locally, sedentary Vienne
TAWNY PIPIT (Anthus campestris) - Pipit rouseline - Rare locally, Vienne breeder
PIED WAGTAIL (Motacilla alba yarrellii) - B. de Yarrell - Rare (winter/autumn)
RING OUZEL (Turdus torquatus) - Merle a plastron - Rare migrant
EURASIAN PENDULINE TIT (Remiz pendulinus) - Rémiz penduline - Rare migrant
COMMON CROSSBILL (Loxia curvirostra) - Bec-croisé des sapins - Rare/eruptive migrant

Brenne only birds;

GREAT NORTHERN DIVER (Gavia immer) - Plongeon imbrin - Rare (winter)
GREAT BITTERN (Botaurus stellaris) - Butor étoilé - Scarce breeder
LITTLE BITTERN (Ixobrychus minutus) - Blongios nain - Rare breeder
SQUACCO HERON (Ardeola ralloides) - Crabier chevelu - Rare breeder
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus) - Ibis falcinelle - Rare migrant
EURASIAN SPOONBILL (Platalea leucorodia) - Spatule blanche - Rare migrant
GREATER FLAMINGO (Phoenicopterus roseus) - Flamant rose - 1 adult (unringed) July/August 2015, after weeks of hot, southerly weather
GREATER CANADA GOOSE (Branta canadensis) - Bernache du Canada - Feral, now numbering more than 100. French Cat. C (Introductions)
RUDDY SHELDUCK (Tadorna ferruginea) - Tadorne casarca - Rare, French Cat. B, D1 (Origin uncertain)
GREATER SCAUP (Aythya marila) - Fuligule milouinan - Rare (winter)
LESSER SCAUP (Aythya affinis) - Fuligule à tête noire - Rare (winter), individuals in 2007, 2009 and 2014
LONG-TAILED DUCK (Clangula hyemalis) - Harelde boréale - Rare (winter), group of 3 27/11/13
VELVET SCOTER (Melanitta fusca) - Macreuse brune - Rare (winter)
RED-BREASTED MERGANSER (Mergus serrator) - Harle huppé - Rare (winter)
EURASIAN GRIFFON VULTURE (Gyps fulvus) Vautour fauve - 1 June 2009; sightings likely to increase (from Alpine population)
WHITE-TAILED EAGLE (Haliaeetus albicilla) - Pygargue à queue blanche - Rare (usually winter)
BOOTED EAGLE (Hieraaetus pennatus) - Aigle botté - Rare migrant, possible breeder
GREY PLOVER (Pluvialis squatarola) - Pluvier argenté - Rare migrant
WHITE-TAILED PLOVER (LAPWING) (Vanellus leucurus) - Vanneau à queue blanche - 1 ad. June 2009 (2.5kms from a Sociable Plover!)
RED KNOT (Calidris canutus) - Bécasseau maubèche - Rare migrant
SANDERLING (Calidris alba) - Bécasseau sanderling - Rare migrant
BLACK-TAILED GODWIT (Limosa limosa) - Barge à queue noire - Rare migrant
BAR-TAILED GODWIT (Limosa lapponica) - Barge rousse - Rare migrant
COMMON (MEW) GULL (Larus canus) - Goéland cendré - Rare (winter)
BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE (Rissa tridactyla) - Mouette tridactyle - Rare (winter)
WHITE-THROATED DIPPER (Cinclus cinclus) - Cincle plongeur - Rare breeder. Also breeds in the southern Vienne
SAVI'S WARBLER (Locustella luscinioides) - Rare breeder
GREAT REED WARBLER (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) - Rousserolle turdoïde - Rare breeder

Again, this only reflects my observations since January 2006. The Brenne clearly has more potential for rarities than the Vienne, due to the existence of some very large etangs - virtually non-existent in the Vienne. However, local patch-work here does pay off

Rarities/scarcities I've recorded in both areas;

GREATER WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE (Anser albifrons) - Oie rieuse - Rare (winter)
FERRUGINOUS DUCK (Aythya nyroca) - Fuligule nyroca - Rare (winter)
COMMON GOLDENEYE (Bucephala clangula) - Garrot à l'oeil d'or - Rare (winter)
SMEW (Mergus albellus) - Harle piette - Rare (winter)
GOOSANDER (Mergus merganser) - Harle bièvre - Rare (winter)
BLACK-SHOULDERED KITE (Elanus caeruleus) - Elanion blanc. In 2012 a population 'eruption' of these wonderful raptors into northern France included 2 near Moulismes (a probable pair) and a single bird briefly in the Brenne. It remains to be seen whether this constitutes genuine range expansion or simply a unique/sporadic event. Sadly the Moulismes pair were flushed twice by 'photographers'. Has bred in Deux-Sèvres. Again in 2015 a smaller influx occurred (therefore indicating range expansion), with a single bird seen briefly in the Brenne. November 2016 produced a remarkable three birds on a single site in the Brenne.
SOCIABLE PLOVER (LAPWING) (Chettusia gregaria) - Vanneau sociable - 3 individuals Vienne, 1 Brenne
LITTLE GULL (Larus minutus) - Mouette pygmée - Scarce migrant
MEDITERRANEAN GULL (Larus melanocephalus) - Mouette mélanocéphale - Scarce (?)migrant. Breeding potential in the Brenne
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo) - Sterne pierregarin - Rare migrant. Breeding potential/possible breeder in the Brenne
SHORT-EARED OWL (Asio flammeus) - Hibou des marais - Scarce/eruptive migrant
MIDDLE SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos medius) - Pic mar - Scarce breeder Brenne. Breeds in northern Vienne, (?)occasional post nuptial dispersion into southern Vienne
DARTFORD WARBLER (Sylvia undata) - Fauvette pitchou - Localised and sedentary
GREAT GREY SHRIKE (Lanius excubitor) - Pie-grièche grise - Rare (winter)

Elsewhere, WALLCREEPER (Tichodroma muraria) - Tichodrome echelette, is rare but regular in winter, Poitiers cathedral being a favoured location. Occasionally one will winter in the southern Vienne/Brenne
The winter of 2011-12 brought an influx of ALPINE ACCENTORS (Prunella collaris) - Accenteur alpin, some sharing sites with Wallcreepers. Again one site in the southern Vienne (Chauvigny) was used
In the northern Vienne small breeding populations of Little Bustard and Ortolan Bunting exist. The habitat north of Poitiers is very different to that of the south, with vast cereal plains, and a site at St-cyr that attracts large numbers of gulls in winter. These can include Common, Lesser Black-backed, Herring and Yellow-legged - all rare elsewhere in the Vienne

Official French bird list (Categories, status, etc) BUBO

Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) F-type, Harelde boréale
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) Juv, Barge rousse
Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) Ad-W









COMMON BIRDS

It is worth remembering when birding here that most of the Vienne is over two hours from the Biscay coast, the Brenne over three hours. Virtually all gull, tern and wader species are rare, with one or two obvious exceptions. Another surprise for many visiting birders is the relative abundance of species here that are scarce or specialized in their habitat preferences in the UK. Classic examples are Woodlark (on the northern edge of range in UK) and Tree Pipit (gone from much of SE England); both are fairly common farmland species here, the latter obviously in summer only. Owls, conversely, are rarely seen; Scops and Short-eared are rare, Barn, Little, Tawny and Long-eared are statistically fairly common, but only usually seen at night. With such an abundance of food these species appear to have remained truly nocturnal. Finally, one of the delights of winter are the large flocks of passerines on winter stubble or fields left fallow. These include Yellowhammers, Cirl, Reed and Corn Buntings in good numbers, with Skylarks in the hundreds and Bramblings with the multi-species finch flocks.

The best reference source for the Vienne is the 'Guide des Oiseaux de Poitou-Charentes et Vendee' Dubrac/Nicolle/Michel, published by Editions Hypolais, 2000

See also LPO Vienne


Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) M
Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris), Butor étoilé
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) Ad
Squacco Heron (Ardeola ralloides) Ad-S










Below; List of birds observed in the VIENNE WITHIN 15 KMS OF MOULISMES since our arrival in January 2006. The status/abundance guide may help if you are birding the general area. It is based only on my observations since January 2006 and may or may not reflect the true status/abundance within the Vienne

See also A Birdwatching circuit in the Southern Vienne

W = winter
S = summer, usually breeding
M = on migration, eruptive or erratically displaced
SD = seen all-year, breeds locally, sedentary

1 = very common
2 = fairly common
3 = scarce
4 = rare

Status of protection in France:
P = Protected
NP = Not Protected

LITTLE GREBE (Tachybaptus ruficollis) - Grebe castagneux ------SD2---P
GREAT CRESTED GREBE (Podiceps cristatus) - Grebe huppe ------SD2---P
BLACK-NECKED GREBE (Podiceps nigricollis) - Grebe a cou noir ------M3---P
GREAT CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax carbo) - Grand Cormoran ------SD2---P
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON (Nycticorax nycticorax) - Bihoreau gris -----M4---P
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis) - Heron gardeboeufs -------W/M3---P
LITTLE EGRET (Egretta garzetta) - Aigrette garzette ------M3---P
GREAT EGRET (Egretta alba) - Grande Aigrette ------W/M2---P
GREY HERON (Ardea cinerea) - Heron cendre ------SD1---P
PURPLE HERON (Ardea purpurea) - Heron pourpre ------S3---P
WHITE STORK (Ciconia ciconia) - Cigogne blanche ------M3---P
BLACK STORK (Ciconia nigra) - Cigogne noir ------M3---P
MUTE SWAN (Cygnus olor) - Cygne tubercule ------SD2---P
BEAN GOOSE (Anser fabalis) - Oie des moissons ------W4---NP
GREATER WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE (Anser albifrons) - Oie rieuse ------W4---NP
GREYLAG GOOSE (Anser anser) - Oie cendree ------M3---NP
COMMON SHELDUCK (Tadorna tadorna) - Tadorne de Belon -----W4---P
(EGYPTIAN GOOSE) (Alopochen aegyptiacus) - Ouette d'Egypte ------4---Cat. B, C*
(WOOD DUCK) (Aix sponsa) - Canard carolin -------4---Cat. E*
(MANDARIN DUCK) (Aix galericulata) - Canard mandarin ------- Cat. C*
GADWALL (Anas strepera) - Canard chipeau ------SD3---NP
EURASIAN WIGEON (Anas penelope) - Canard siffleur ------W3---NP
COMMON TEAL (Anas crecca) - Sarcelle d'hiver ------SD2---NP
MALLARD (Anas platyrhynchos) - Canard colvert ------SD1---NP
GARGANEY (Anas querquedula) - Sarcelle d'ete ------S3---NP
NORTHERN PINTAIL (Anas acuta) - Canard pilet ------W/M3---NP
NORTHERN SHOVELER (Anas clypeata) - Canard souchet ------SD2---NP
RED-CRESTED POCHARD (Netta rufina) - Nette rousse ------M4---NP
COMMON POCHARD (Aythya ferina) - Fuligule milouin ------SD2---NP
FERRUGINOUS DUCK (Aythya nyroca) - Fuligule nyroca -----W/S/M4---P
TUFTED DUCK (Aythya fuligula) - Fuligule morillon ------SD3---NP
COMMON GOLDENEYE (Bucephala clangula) - Garrot à l'oeil d'or ------W4---NP
SMEW (Mergus albellus) - Harle piette ------W4---P
GOOSANDER (Mergus merganser) - Harle bièvre ------W4---P


Gadwall (Anas strepera) M, Canard chipeau
Common Teal (Anas crecca), Sarcelle d'hiver
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina) M, Nette rousse
Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) F, Canard siffleur










BLACK-SHOULDERED KITE (Elanus caeruleus) - Elanion blanc ------M4---P
EUROPEAN HONEY BUZZARD (Pernis apivorus) - Bondree apivore ------S3---P
BLACK KITE (Milvus migrans) - Milan noir ------S2---P
RED KITE (Milvus milvus) - Milan royal ------M3---P
SHORT-TOED EAGLE (Circaetus gallicus) - Circaete Jean-le-Blanc ------S3---P
WESTERN MARSH HARRIER (Circus aeruginosus) - Busard des roseaux ------M3---P
HEN HARRIER (Circus cyaneus) - Busard St-Martin ------SD2---P
MONTAGU’S HARRIER (Circus pygargus) - Busard cendre ------S2---P
NORTHERN GOSHAWK (Accipiter gentilis) - Autour des palombes ------?SD3---P
EURASIAN SPARROWHAWK (Accipiter nisus) - Epervier d'Europe ------SD2---P
COMMON BUZZARD (Buteo buteo) - Buse variable ------SD1---P
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus) - Balbuzard pecheur ------M3---P
COMMON KESTREL (Falco tinnunculus) - Faucon crecerelle ------SD2---P
MERLIN (Falco colombarius) - Faucon emerillon ------W/M3---P
EURASIAN HOBBY (Falco subbuteo) - Faucon hobereau ------S3---P
PEREGRINE (Falco peregrinus) - Faucon pelerin ------W4---P
GREY PARTRIDGE (Perdrix perdrix) - Perdrix grise ------SD3---NP
RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE (Alectoris rufa) - Perdrix rouge ------SD2---NP
COMMON PHEASANT (Phasianus colchicus) - Faison de colchide ------SD1---NP
WATER RAIL (Rallus aquaticus) - Rale d'eau ------?SD3---NP
SPOTTED CRAKE (Porzana porzana) - Marouette ponctuee ------M4---P
COMMON QUAIL (Coturnix coturnix) - Caille des bles ------S3---NP
COMMON MOORHEN (Gallinula chloropus) - Gallinule poule-d'eau ------SD2---NP
EURASIAN COOT (Fulica atra) - Foulque macroule ------SD1---NP
COMMON CRANE (Grus grus) - Grue cendree ------W/M2---P
BLACK-WINGED STILT (Himantopus himantopus) - Echasse blanche -----M4---P
PIED AVOCET (Recurvirostra avosetta) - Avocette elegante ------M4---P
STONE CURLEW (Burhinus œdicnemus) - Oedicneme criard ------S/M3---P
LITTLE RINGED PLOVER (Charadrius dubius) - Petit gravelot ------S3---P
COMMON RINGED PLOVER (Charadibius hiaticula) - Grand gravelot ------M4---P
EURASIAN DOTTEREL (Eudromias morinellus) - Pluvier guignard ------M4---P
EUROPEAN GOLDEN PLOVER (Pluvialis apricaria) - Pluvier doré ------W3---NP
NORTHERN LAPWING (Vanellus vanellus) - Vanneau huppé ------SD2---NP
SOCIABLE PLOVER (Chettusia gregaria) - Vanneau sociable -----M4---P
LITTLE STINT (Calidris minuta) - Becasseau minute ------M3---P
TEMMINCK'S STINT (Calidris temminckii) - Becasseau de Temminck ---M4---P
CURLEW SANDPIPER (Calidris ferrugineau) - Becasseau cocorli ------M3---P
DUNLIN (Calidris alpina) - Becasseau variable ------M3---P
RUFF (Philomachus pugnax) - Combattant varié ------M3---NP
COMMON SNIPE (Gallinago gallinago) - Becassine des marais ------W2---NP
EURASIAN WOODCOCK (Scolopax rusticola) - Becasse des bois -----S4---NP
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus) - Courlis corlieu ------M4---NP
EURASIAN CURLEW (Numenius arquata) - Courlis cendré ------?SD3---NP
SPOTTED REDSHANK (Tringa erythropus) - Chevalier arlequin ------M4---NP
COMMON REDSHANK (Tringa totanus) - Chevalier gambette ------M3---NP
COMMON GREENSHANK (Tringa nebularia) - Chevalier aboyeur ------M3---NP
GREEN SANDPIPER (Tringa ochropus) - Chevalier culblanc ------W/M2-3---P
WOOD SANDPIPER (Tringa glareola) - Chevalier sylvain ------M3---P
COMMON SANDPIPER (Actitis hypoleucos) - Chevalier guignette ------W/M2-3---P


Great Egret (Egretta alba) Ad-W
Grus grus en migration
Buteo buteo juv
Common House Martin (Delichon urbicum) ad, Hirondelle de fenêtre








LITTLE GULL (Larus minutus) - Mouette pygmée ------M4---P
MEDITERRANEAN GULL (Larus melanocephalus) - Mouette mélanocéphale -----M4---P
BLACK-HEADED GULL (Larus ridibundus) - Mouette rieuse ------M3---P
YELLOW-LEGGED GULL (Larus michahellis) - Goeland leucophée ------M4---P
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo) - Sterne pierregarin -----M4---P
LITTLE TERN (Sterna albifrons) - Sterne naine ------M4---P
WHISKERED TERN (Chlidonias hybridus) - Guifette moustac ------M3---P
BLACK TERN (Chlidonias niger) - Guifette noire ------M3---P
WHITE-WINGED TERN (Chlidonias leucopterus) - Guifette leucoptère ------M4---P
STOCK DOVE (Columba oenas) - Pigeon colombin ------W3---NP
COMMON WOOD PIGEON (Columba palumbus) - Pigeon ramier ------SD1---NP
EURASIAN COLLARED DOVE (Streptopelia decaocto) - Tourterelle turque ------SD1---NP
EUROPEAN TURTLE DOVE (Streptopelian turtur) - Tourterelle des bois ------S2---NP
COMMON CUCKOO (Cuculus canorus) - Coucou gris ------S2---P
BARN OWL (Tyto alba) - Effraie des clochers ------?SD4---P
LITTLE OWL (Athene noctua) - Cheveche d'Athena ------?4---P
TAWNY OWL (Strix aluco) - Chouette hulotte ------SD3---P
SHORT-EARED OWL (Asio flammeus) - Hibou des marais ------M4---P
EUROPEAN NIGHTJAR (Caprimulgus europaeus) - Engoulevent d'Europe ------S4---P
COMMON SWIFT (Apus apus) - Martinet noir ------S1---P
COMMON KINGFISHER (Alcedo atthis) - Martin-pecheur d'Europe ------SD2---P
EUROPEAN BEE-EATER (Merops apiaster) - Guepier d'Europe ------S3---P
EURASIAN HOOPOE (Upupa epops) - Huppe fasciée ------S2---P
EURASIAN WRYNECK (Juynx torquilla) - Torcol fourmilier ------M4---P
EUROPEAN GREEN WOODPECKER (Picus viridis) - Pic vert ------SD2---P
BLACK WOODPECKER (Dryocopus martius) - Pic noir ------SD3---P
GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos major) - Pic épeiche ------SD2---P
MIDDLE SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos medius) - Pic mar ------?4---P
LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER (Dendrocopos minor) - Pic épeichette ------SD3---P
CRESTED LARK (Galerida cristata) - Cochevis huppé ------?M4---P
WOODLARK (Lullula arborea) - Alouette lulu ------SD2---P
EURASIAN SKYLARK (Alauda arvensis) - Alouette des champs ------SD2---NP
BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica) - Hirondelle rustique ------S1---P
SAND MARTIN (Riparia riparia) - Hirondelle de rivage ------S2---P
COMMON HOUSE MARTIN (Delichon urbica) - Hirondelle de fenêtre ------S2---P
TAWNY PIPIT (Anthus campestris) - Pipit rouseline -------?M4---P
TREE PIPIT (Anthus trivialis) - Pipit des arbres ------S2-3---P
MEADOW PIPIT (Anthus pratensis) - Pipit farlouse ------SD2-3---P
WATER PIPIT (Anthus spinoletta) - Pipit spioncelle ------W/M3---P


Wood Warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix), Pouillot siffleur
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) M
European Siskin (Carduelis spinus) M









BLUE-HEADED WAGTAIL (Motacilla flava flava) - Bergeronnette printanière ------S/M2-3---P
YELLOW WAGTAIL (Motacilla flava flavissima) - B. flavéole -----M4---P
GREY WAGTAIL (Motacilla cinerea) - Bergeronnette des ruisseaux ------SD3---P
WHITE WAGTAIL (Motacilla alba alba) - Bergeronnette grise ------SD1---P
PIED WAGTAIL (Motacilla alba yarrellii) - B. de Yarrell -----W4---P
WINTER WREN (Troglodytes troglodytes) - Troglodyte mignon ------SD2---P
DUNNOCK (Prunella modularis) - Accenteur mouchet ------SD1---P
EUROPEAN ROBIN (Erithacus rubecula) - Rougegorge familier ------SD1---P
COMMON NIGHTINGALE (Luscinia megarhynchos) - Rossignol philomèle ------S1---P
COMMON REDSTART (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) - Rougequeue a front blanc ------M3---P
BLACK REDSTART (Phoenicurus ochruros) - Rougequeue noir ------S1---P
WHINCHAT (Saxicola rubetra) - Tarier des pres ------M3---P
COMMON STONECHAT (Saxicola torquata) - Tarier patre ------SD2---P
NORTHERN WHEATEAR (Oenanthe oenanthe) - Traquet motteux ------M3---P
RING OUZEL (Turdus torquatus) - Merle a plastron ------W/M4---P
COMMON BLACKBIRD (Turdus merula) - Merle noir ------SD1---NP
FIELDFARE (Turdus pilaris) - Grive litorne ------W2---NP
SONG THRUSH (Turdus philomelos) - Grive musicienne ------SD2---NP
REDWING (Turdus iliacus) - Grive mauvis ------W2---NP
MISTLE THRUSH (Turdus viscivorus) - Grive draine ------SD2---NP
CETTI’S WARBLER (Cettia cetti) - Bouscarle de Cetti ------?SD3---P
ZITTING CISTICOLA (Cisticola juncidis) - Cisticole des joncs ------M4---P
COMMON GRASSHOPPER WARBLER (Locustella naevia) - Locustelle tâchetée ------S3---P
SEDGE WARBLER (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) - Phragmite des joncs ------S3---P
EUROPEAN REED WARBLER (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) - Rouserolle effarvatte ------S2---P
MELODIOUS WARBLER (Hippolais polyglotta) - Hypolais polyglotte ------S2---P
DARTFORD WARBLER (Sylvia undata) - Fauvette pitchou ------SD3---P
COMMON WHITETHROAT (Sylvia communis) - Fauvette grisette ------S2---P
GARDEN WARBLER (Sylvia borin) - Fauvette des jardins ------S4---P
BLACKCAP (Sylvia atricapilla) - Fauvette à tête noire ------S/SD1---P
WOOD WARBLER (Phylloscopus sibilatrix) - Pouillot siffleur ------S3---P
BONELLI’S WARBLER (Phylloscopus bonelli) - Pouillot de Bonelli ------S2---P


Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla)
Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Ad-W
Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli)
Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)









COMMON CHIFFCHAFF (Phylloscopus collybita) - Pouillot véloce ------S1---P
WILLOW WARBLER (Phylloscopus trochilus) - Pouillot fitis ------S3---P
GOLDCREST (Regulus regulus) - Roitelet huppé ------W2---P
FIRECREST (Regulus ignicapillus) - Roitelet triple-bandeau ------SD2---P
SPOTTED FLYCATCHER (Muscicapa striata) - Gobemouche gris ------S3---P
PIED FLYCATCHER (Ficedula hypoleuca) - Gobemouche noir ------M3---P
LONG-TAILED TIT (Aegithalos caudatus) - Mesange a longue queue ------SD2---P
MARSH TIT (Parus palustris) - Mesange nonette ------SD2---P
CRESTED TIT (Parus cristatus) - Mesange huppée ------W/M4---P
COAL TIT (Parus ater) - Mesange noire ------W3---P
BLUE TIT (Parus caeruleus) - Mesange bleue ------SD1---P
GREAT TIT (Parus major) - Mesange charbonnière ------SD1---P
EURASIAN NUTHATCH (Sitta europaea) - Sittelle torchepot ------SD2---P
SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER (Certhia brachydactyla) - Grimpereau des jardins ---SD2---P
EURASIAN PENDULINE TIT (Remiz pendulinus) - Rémiz penduline ------M4---P
EURASIAN GOLDEN ORIOLE (Oriolus oriolus) - Loriot d'Europe ------S2---P
RED-BACKED SHRIKE (Lanius collurio) - Pie-grièche écorcheur ------S2---P
GREAT GREY SHRIKE (Lanius excubitor) - Pie-grièche grise -----W/M4---P
WOODCHAT SHRIKE (Lanius senator) - Pie-grièche à tête rousse ------S3---P
EURASIAN JAY (Garrulus glandarius) - Geai des chênes ------SD2---NP
COMMON MAGPIE (Pica pica) - Pie bavarde ------SD1---NP
WESTERN JACKDAW (Corvus monedula) - Choucas des tours ------SD1---P
ROOK (Corvus frugilegus) - Corbeau freux ------SD2---NP
CARRION CROW (Corvus corone) - Corneille noire ------SD1---NP
COMMON STARLING (Sturnus vulgaris) - Etourneau sansonnet ------SD1---NP
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) - Moineau domestique ------SD1---P
COMMON CHAFFINCH (Fringilla coelebs) - Pinson des arbres ------SD1---P
BRAMBLING (Fringilla montifringilla) - Pinson du nord ------W2-3---P
EUROPEAN SERIN (Serinus serinus) - Serin cini ------SD2---P
EUROPEAN GREENFINCH (Carduelis chloris) - Verdier d'Europe ------SD1---P
EUROPEAN GOLDFINCH (Carduelis carduelis) - Chardonneret elegant ------SD1---P
EUROPEAN SISKIN (Carduelis spinus) - Tarin des aulnes ------W/M3---P
COMMON LINNET (Carduelis cannabina) - Linotte melodieuse ------SD2---P
COMMON CROSSBILL (Loxia curvirostra) - Bec-croisé des sapins -----W/M4---P
EURASIAN BULLFINCH (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) - Bouvreuil pivoine ------W4---P
HAWFINCH (Coccothraustes coccothraustes) - Grosbec casse-noyaux ------SD2---P
YELLOWHAMMER (Emberiza citrinella) - Bruant jaune ------SD2---P
CIRL BUNTING (Emberiza cirlus) - Bruant zizi ------SD1---P
COMMON REED BUNTING (Emberiza schoeniclus) - Bruant des roseaux ------W2---P
CORN BUNTING (Miliaria calandra) - Bruant proyer ------SD2---P

*Cat. B,C introductions, Cat. E escapes

TOTAL 194 23/3/14 (+1 sub-species).